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smart contract is a computer protocol that facilitates, verifies, or enforces the negotiation or performance of a contract. As decentralized finance and the use of blockchain technology continues to rise, smart contracts are becoming increasingly common. In this article, we will explain exactly what smart contracts are and how they work.


What are Smart Contract?

Smart contracts are self-executing contracts that are built on the blockchain network. These contracts contain the terms of the agreement between buyer and seller being directly written into lines of code. The code and the agreements contained therein exist across a decentralized, peer-to-peer network and can be executed automatically.

The use of smart contracts allows for transactions to be carried out without the need for third party intermediaries, which can save time and money. In addition, smart contracts provide a higher level of security than traditional contract law because they are based on cryptographic code. Once a smart contract is deployed on a blockchain network, it is immutable and cannot be changed or tampered with.

How do Smart Contracts work?

In order for a smart contract to work, it first needs to be deployed on a blockchain network. Once it is deployed, the contract is stored on the decentralized ledger and can be seen by all parties involved in the transaction.

When a party wants to initiate a transaction, they will send a request to the smart contract. This request will trigger the execution of the code contained in the smart contract. The smart contract will then automatically execute the terms of the agreement and update the ledger accordingly.

Once the terms of the agreement are written into the code of the smart contract, all you need to do is send your payment to the smart contract. The smart contract will then automatically release the car to you once it has received your payment.

For example, let’s say that you want to buy a car from someone. Rather than going through a car dealership or a middleman, you can use a smart contract to buy the car directly from the seller.

What are the benefits of using Smart Contracts?

There are many benefits associated with the use of smart contracts, including:

Reduced costs: traditional contractual agreements often require third-party intermediaries such as lawyers or notaries. By contrast, smart contracts can be executed automatically, without the need for such intermediaries.

Increased security: smart contracts are based on cryptographic code and are stored on a decentralized ledger. This makes them more secure than traditional contract law.

Faster transactions: smart contracts can be executed automatically, without the need for manual processing. This can lead to faster transaction times.

What are the challenges of using Smart Contracts?

Despite the many benefits of smart contracts, there are also some challenges associated with their use. These challenges include:

Limited flexibility: once a smart contract is deployed on a blockchain network, it cannot be changed or tampered with. This can limit its flexibility if the needs of the parties involved in the transaction change over time.

Complexity: smart contracts can be complex to create and deploy. This can make them challenging to use for people without a technical background.

Dependence on network: smart contracts depend on the underlying blockchain network for their execution. If the network goes offline, the contract cannot be executed.

Despite these challenges, smart contracts have the potential to revolutionize the way we do business. By reducing costs and increasing security, they offer a new way of conducting transactions that is faster, cheaper, and more secure than traditional contract law. A good way to minimize the problems involved with using smart contracts is to increase awareness of the technology. Take a look at our other articles to learn more about the DeFi space.

Smart Contract use cases

There are a number of different ways in which smart contracts can be used. Some of the most popular use cases include:

Supply chain management

Smart contracts can be used to track the movement of goods and materials through a supply chain. This can help to reduce costs and improve efficiency.

Insurance

Smart contracts can be used to automate the payout of insurance claims. This can help to speed up the process and reduce the amount of paperwork involved.

Real Estate

Smart contracts can be used to buy, sell, or lease property. This can simplify the process and reduce the need for third-party intermediaries.

Healthcare

Smart contracts can be used to store and share medical records. This can help to improve patient care and privacy.

Voting

Smart contracts can be used to create a secure, decentralized voting system. This can help to reduce the costs of running an election and increase voter turnout.

Decentralized Finance

Smart contracts can be used to create a decentralized financial system. This can help to reduce the costs of traditional financial transactions and increase access to financial services.

What’s next for Smart Contracts?

As the use of blockchain technology grows, so too does the potential for smart contracts. With their ability to reduce costs, increase security, and speed up transactions, smart contracts are set to revolutionize the way we do business. In the future, we will see more and more businesses adopting smart contracts in a wide range of industries.

Frequently asked questions:

What is a smart contract?

A smart contract is a type of contract that is executed automatically, without the need for third-party intermediaries. Smart contracts use blockchain technology to secure transactions.

What is a smart contract example?

One example of a smart contract is a contract for the purchase of a property. The contract can be stored on a blockchain network and executed automatically when the conditions of the contract are met.

How to make a smart contract?

Smart contracts can be created using a variety of programming languages. The most popular programming language for smart contracts is Solidity.

How do smart contracts work?

Smart contracts work by executing the terms of a contract automatically. The contract is stored on a blockchain network and can be accessed by all parties involved in the transaction. When the conditions of the contract are met, the contract is executed and the terms of the contract are enforced. 

Sources

Arora, S. (2022, May 16). What is a Smart Contract in Blockchain and How Does it Work? Simplilearn.Com.Retrieved June 6, 2022, from https://www.simplilearn.com/tutorials/blockchain-tutorial/what-is-smart-contract

Cointelegraph. (2021, December 21). What are smart contracts in blockchain and how do they work? Retrieved June 6,2022, fromhttps://cointelegraph.com/ethereum-for-beginners/what-are-smart-contracts-a-beginners-guide-to-automated-agreements

IBM. (n.d.). What are smart contracts on blockchain? | IBM. Retrieved June 6, 2022, fromhttps://www.ibm.com/topics/smart-contracts#:%7E:text=Smart%20contracts%20are%20simply%20programs,intermediary’s%20involvement%20or%20time%20loss.

Posted 
Jun 13, 2022
 in 
DeFi Education
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